Chronology and Connecting Data

In 01 Essential Background on 2011/09/02 at 1:17 PM


52 AD Council of Jerusalem

72 AD Destruction of Jerusalem

100 Death of St. JOHN THE APOSTLE

325 Council of Nicea

381 Council of Constantinople

476 Fall of Rome

APOSTOLIC FATHERS (all martyred)

1 Pope Clement of Rome 102+

2 lgnatius of Antioch 107+

3 Polycarp of Smyrna 156+

4 Justin Martyr 165+

5 Ireneaus of Lyons 202+

6 Clement of Alexandria 215+

7  Cyprian of Carthage 258+

NICEAN FATHERS (all are also Doctors of the Church)

1 Athanasius of Alexandria 296-373

2 Hilary of Poitiers 315-367

3 Cyril of Jerusalem 313-386

4 Gregory of Nazianzus 325- 389

5 Basil the Great 329-379

6 Gregory of Nyssa 335-394

POST NICEAN FATHERS (all Doctors of the Church)

1  Ambrose of Milan 339-397

2 John Chrysostom 347-407

3 Jerome of Jerusalem 347-419

4.Augustine of Hippo 354-430

POST AUGUSTINIAN FATHERS (all doctors of the Church)

1. Cyril of Alexandria 376-444

2.Vincent of Lerins 3??-445

3.Pope Leo the Great 400-461


Most of these men had very long lives.  Correspondence by letters and instructions by  epistles were the means of communication in those days.

Here follow pertinent information which will aid your sense the continuity:

Peter  was first bishop of Antioch, and later of Rome.
Clement of Rome ordained by Peter;  he is mentioned by Paul, knew John and other disciples.  He taught Justin Martyr, and became  third bishop of Rome.

Polycarp of Smyrna, originally from Samaria, was a disciple of John; knew Peter and Ignatius; taught Ireneaus of Lyons who originally was also from Samaria.

Ignatius was third bishop of Antioch.  1  Ignatius, who was a former slave, wrote to Polycarp* whom he visited on his way to be martyred.

Athanasius of Alexandria  373+ attended the Council of Nicea. His contributions, often called the Athanasian Creed, became the basis of the Nicene Creed.
“Cappadocian Fathers” is the name given to Basil of Caesarea 379+ and his brother, Gregory of Nyssa 394, along with their mutual friend, Gregory of Nazianzus; they  were the dominant theological luminaries of their time, and attended  Council of Nicea.

Ambrose of Milan 379+ taught Martin of Tours and Augustine of Hippo 430+ and both were in contact with Jerome 420+ who translated the Bible known as the Vulgate from erudite Greek into the plebian Latin.

The Latin Fathers are called so because although they could read Greek, they wrote in Latin.  The Greek Fathers chose to write in the scholarly language because of the precision of the Greek, although they could read and write in Latin. The exception was Augustine, who never really learned Greek well and did not feel at ease with it.

Women in Church History combined with Early Church Fathers:

AGE of APOSTOLIC FATHERS: Priscilla of Rome/Corinth/Ephesus;  Perpetua & Felicitas of Carthage; Agatha of Sicily

AGE of NICEAN FATHERS: Apollonia of Alexandria; Macrina of Cappadocia, sister to Basil the Great and Gregory of Nyssa, Pulcheria of Constantinople; Monica of Hippo, Mother of Augustine.


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